The presence of molds inside an enclosure may greatly affect the air quality inside the enclosed space in the sense that molds, that are of airborne spore species, are a common allergen and may induce sneezing, runny nose, cough, eye irritation, upper respiratory irritation, and, in severe reactions, asthma attack, to people who are likely allergic to molds. Water leaking constantly in a building and has not been given immediate remedial action for a long period of time may result into dampness in the indoor environment and the existence of mold growth. Molds exist to contribute to the natural habitat of decomposing dead matters, that is why they can pose a serious adverse effect inside a building environment, when they are found existing, as they are likely to decompose any wood, porous materials in the building, including drywalls and carpets.
Mold inspection is a necessary building maintenance procedure to evaluate on the following objectives: check if the building has the presence of molds; identify the kind of mold species inside a building establishment; locate where the mold population is growing; test for the indoor air quality by scientifically measuring the amount of mold spores present in the air; and post-check if molds have been completely removed inside a building.
Mold inspection observes these five steps: interview of occupants or building maintenance caretaker, visual inspection, sampling, sampling analysis, and reporting.
Most of the relevant questions asked by a mold inspector during an interview with the building owner or caretaker are on the following: humidity problems inside the building, mold odor, presence of rook leaks or plumbing leaks, or any visible mold found inside.
As soon as the mold inspector completes his interview with the homeowner or building caretaker and quickly studying the information he has gathered in the interview, he proceeds to the next step which is conducting an ocular inspection to pinpointed areas where there are likely presences of mold growth, using various tools to confirm the presence, such as a hydrometer to check on the humidity of the room, moisture meter to determine the presence of moisture, borescope to view wall sections, laser thermometer to evaluate the actual heat composition of the surface, and digital camera to record graphically the mold growth presence.
The mold inspector proceeds with the third step of taking air samples, outside and inside the building, using a special air collector device that has the design of specifically collecting airborne mold spores and which can, at the same time, provide conclusive results of the spore counts, giving the inspector an idea if the air quality inside the building is of health risk or not.
The mold inspector brings the air samples taken in the building to a professional analyst to determine the population of mold spores for every cubic meter of air sample and to also determine the kind of mold specie found in the building.
The last segment in the mold inspection is a documented summary report which consists of the following: photos of the mold presence and its specific locations, population level of mold spores in the air inside the building, the specific mold found, the inspector’s conclusions and strong recommendations in stepping up measures to prevent mold growth, as well as its elimination.